Critical Mineral Resources of the United States - Rare-Earth Elements
This online engineering PDH course provides information on the global distribution, availability, mining, production and the industrial use of the mineral resources, rare-earth elements, which are considered critical mineral resources in the United States.
In the past several decades many changes have taken place in the resource sector within the United States. These changes have been exacerbated by the increased use of certain elements critical to manufacturing and high technology. The mineral elements were listed as critical and (or) strategic in one or more of the recent studies based on assessed likelihood of supply interruption and the possible cost of such a disruption to the assessor.
Rare-earth elements are considered to be a critical resources. Although ores containing rare-earth elements are mined in the United States, the entire amount is sent overseas for processing. At present, the United States imports 100% of the rare-earth elements used in manufacturing. The rare-earth elements (REEs) are 15 elements that range in atomic number from 57 (lanthanum) to 71 (lutetium); they are commonly referred to as the “lanthanides.” Because of their unusual physical and chemical properties, the REEs have diverse defense, energy, industrial, and military technology applications.
This 2 PDH online course is applicable to industrial, mining, chemical, and geological engineers that are involved with mining, processing, and industrial use of critical minerals and their chemical constituents.
This PE continuing education course is intended to provide you with the following specific knowledge and skills:
- Familiarizing with the uses and applications of rare-earth elements
- Familiarizing with mineralogy and deposit types of rare-earth elements
- Gaining a general overview on the availability of rare-earth elements supply in Australia, China, India, Malaysia, Russia and United States
- Learning about Rare-Earth-Element-Mineral Formation in Carbonatite Magma, in Alkaline Magmas, in Parental Magma Sources and through hydrothermal processes
- Understanding the production and identified and undiscovered rare-earth elements
- Exploring the environmental considerations including sources and fate in the environment, mine waste characteristics, human health concerns, ecological health concerns and mine closure
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